Submission Strategies

The Irish Submissions to Richard II, 1395

Notarial Instrument 19

The Submission of Tatheus O'Carroll

Submission text (English, translated by Edmund Curtis)

Notarial Instrument XIX records that: on the 21st day of April, 1395, in the church of the Friars Preachers in the suburbs of Kilkenny, in the presence of King Richard, the notary, and others, Tatheus [Taig] O’Carrol of Munster, removing his mantle, &c., on bended knees took these words in Irish, which were rendered into English by William O’Carrol, viz. ‘I, Taig O’Carrol, become liegeman of my lord King Richard’, &c. [as in Instrument I]. For the observing of which he bound himself in L1,000 sterling. Whereupon the King admitted him as his liegeman. Then came Taig O’Kelly of Connacht and did liege homage to the King without any obligation to the Papal Camera. Thereupon O’Carrol and O’Kelly requested the notary to make them instruments.

Witnesses: Robert and Peter, archbishops of Dublin and Cashel, Richard, Tydeman, Alexander, Robert, Richard, Thomas, John, and Miles, bishops of Chichester, Llandaff, Meath, Waterford-Lismore, Ossory, Elphin, Leighlin, and Cloyne, and the earls of Cork and Rutland, of March and Ulster, and of Huntingdon.

Submission text (Latin, transcribed by Edmund Curtis)