Submission Strategies

The Irish Submissions to Richard II, 1395

Notarial Instrument 27

The Submission of Dermot O'Conor and Cormac O'Melaghlin

Submission text (English, translated by Edmund Curtis)

Notarial Instrument XXVII records that: on the 16th day of April, 1395, in the church of the Friars Preachers outside the walls in the suburbs of Kilkenny, in the presence of King Richard, the notary, and others, Dermot O’Conor of Offaly, removing his mantle, girdle, and cap, and on bended knees, took these words in Irish, which were rendered in English by John of Desmond, knight, viz.: ‘I, Dermot O’Conor of Offaly, become liegeman of my lord King Richard’, &c. [as in Instrument I]. Then came Cormac O’Melaghlin of Meath and did homage similarly. For observing which, he bound himself in 1,000 marks. And his interpreter was John of Desmond. Whereupon the King admitted Dermot and Cormac as his liegemen, and they requested the notary to make them public instruments.

Witnesses: the bishops of Llandaff and Lismore-Waterford, the Earl of Huntingdon, and William Scrope.

Submission text (Latin, transcribed by Edmund Curtis)