Submission Strategies

The Irish Submissions to Richard II, 1395

Notarial Instrument 33

The Submission of Turloch O'Brien

Submission text (English, translated by Edmund Curtis)

Notarial Instrument XXXIII records that: on the 25th day of April, 1395, in the church of the Friars Preachers at Kilkenny, in the presence of King Richard, the notary, and others, Turloch, son of Murchadh O’Brien of Munster, removing his mantle, girdle, and cap, and on bended knee, took these words in Irish, which were rendered in English by William O’Cormacan, bishop of Clonfert in Connacht, viz.:

‘I, Turloch, &c., become liegeman’, &c. [as in Instrument I]. For observing which, he bound himself in 20,000 marks. Whereupon the King admitted him as his liegeman. Then came Thomas O’Dwyer, Philip, son of Matthew [? Mahon] Don O’Kennedy of Munster, and Niall O’Molloy, ‘son of Rory’ of Meath, and did liege homage ; the first two bound themselves in £1,000 each and the third in 1,000 marks, and their interpreter was Thomas Kildare, mayor of the city of Limerick. Whereupon they requested the notary to make them public instruments.

Witnesses: the bishops of Chichester, Llandaff, Cloyne, Waterford-Lismore, and Clonfert, and the earls of March, Nottingham, and Huntingdon.

Submission text (Latin, transcribed by Edmund Curtis)