Submission Strategies

The Irish Submissions to Richard II, 1395

Notarial Instrument 35

The Submission of Cormac and Cormac MacCarthy

Submission text (English, translated by Edmund Curtis)

Notarial Instrument XXXV records that: on the 6th day of April, 1395, in the church of the Friars Preachers at Kilkenny, in the presence of King Richard and of the notary and others, Cormac, son of Dermot MacCarthy, removing his girdle and cap, and on his knees, took these words in English [sic] which were rendered in English by William Scrope, Chamberlain of the King, in the presence of many, both cleric and lay, well understanding the English [sic] language, viz.:

‘I, Cormac, son of Dermot MacCarthy, become liegeman ’, &c. [as in Instrument I].

Then came Cormac, son of Donal MacCarthy, and did liege homage in the same fashion, and his interpreter was John Galwey, citizen of Waterford. For observing which, they took corporal oaths and bound themselves each in 20,000 marks. Whereupon the King admitted Cormac, son of Dermot, and Cormac, son of Donal MacCarthy, as his lieges, and they requested the notary to make them public instruments.

Witnesses: the Archbishop of Dublin, the bishops of Chichester, Llandaff, and Waterford-Lismore, and the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon.

Submission text (Latin, transcribed by Edmund Curtis)