The notarial instruments produced in 1395 form the core of the project. However, other records - including annals entries, chancery records, property deeds, and more - provide crucial context and help to flesh out the rich, polyvalent social networks of fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Ireland, revealing its complexity and dynamism. Individual references are linked on each page. Here you'll find bibliographic information, descriptions, and links (where available) to the editions and projects cited.
These pages contain the text of the notarial instruments, letters, and other sources related to the submissions, as edited and transcribed by Edmund Curtis.
Transcribed and translated by Edmund Curtis in Richard II in Ireland, 1394-5, and Submissions of the Irish Chiefs (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1927). This work is now in the public domain. The work has been digitized by the National Library of Australia.
- Instrument 1
- Instrument 2
- Instrument 3
- Instrument 4
- Instrument 5
- Instrument 6
- Instrument 7
- Instrument 8
- Instrument 9
- Instrument 10
- Instrument 11
- Instrument 12
- Instrument 13
- Instrument 14
- Instrument 15
- Instrument 16
- Instrument 17
- Instrument 18
- Instrument 19
- Instrument 20
- Instrument 21
- Instrument 22
- Instrument 23
- Instrument 24
- Instrument 25
- Instrument 26
- Instrument 27
- Instrument 28
- Instrument 29
- Instrument 30
- Instrument 31
- Instrument 32
- Instrument 33
- Instrument 34
- Instrument 35
- Instrument 36
- Instrument 37
- Instrument 38
In addition, Myles V. Roman published a further notarial instrument that, although it did not make it back to England with the bundle of documents that Curtis edited, nevertheless documented a genuine submission. (Myles V. Roman, "Some Mediaeval Documents," Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 7, no. 2 (1937): 229-241.)
Many of the surviving annals were edited by scholars like John O'Donovan. Those editions have been further edited and prepared for the web by the Corpus of Electronic Literature (CELT) at University College Cork. Here I've provided bibliographic information for both the printe and online editions.
- AC: A. Martin Freeman, ed., Annála Connacht: The Annals of Connacht (Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1944), electronic edition compiled by Pádraig Bambury.
- AFM: John O’Donovan, Annala Rioghachta Eireann: Annals of the kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters, from the earliest period to the year 1616, 7 volumes (Dublin: Hodges and Smith, 1848-1851).
- AI: Seán Mac Airt, ed., The Annals of Inisfallen, MS Rawlinson B 503 (Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1951), electronic edition compiled by Beatrix Färber.
- ALC: William M. Hennessy, ed., The Annals of Loch Cé, a Chronicle of Irish Affairs from A.D. 1014 to A.D. 1590 (Oxford: Longman, 1871), electronic edition compiled by the CELT team.
- AU: B. MacCarthy, ed., Annala Uladh: Annals of Ulster...a chronicle of Irish affairs A.D. 1379-1541 (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1895).
Other Databases and Digital Resources
- Peter Crooks, ed., CIRCLE: A Calendar of Irish Chancery Letters c. 1244-1509
- Log Ainm (the Placenames Database of Ireland)
- Micheál Ó Siochrú, David Brown, and Eoin Bailey, The Down Survey of Ireland
- National Monuments Service Historic Environment Viewer (Irish sites and monuments records)
- Northern Ireland Sites and Monuments Record
- York Archbishops' Registers, a resource from 'The Northern Way': The Archbishops of York and the North of England, 1304-1405
- The History of Parliament
- England's Immigrants, 1330-1550
- Survey of English Place-Names
- Heritage Gateway (UK site and monument records)
Where possible, I have linked to publicly available, digitized versions of these texts.
- Charles McNeill and A.J. Otway-Ruthven, eds., Dowdall Deeds (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1960). Available as a free PDF from the Irish Manuscripts Commission.
- Brendan Smith, ed., The Register of Milo Sweteman, Archbishop of Armagh, 1361-1380 (Dublin: Irish Manuscripts Commission, 1996).
- Eric St. John Brooks, ed., Knights' Fees in Counties Wexford, Carlow, and Kilkenny (13th-15th Century) (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1950). Available as a free PDF from the Irish Manuscripts Commission.
- Edmund Curtis, ed., Ormond Deeds, 6 vols (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1932-43)
- Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public record office
- Richard II Vol. 1, 1377-1381
- Richard II Vol. 2, 1381-1385
- Richard II Vol. 3, 1385-1389
- Richard II Vol. 4, 1388-1392
- Richard II Vol. 5, 1391-1396
- Richard II Vol. 6, 1396-1399
- Henry IV Vol. 1, 1399-1401
- Henry IV Vol. 2, 1401-1405
- See the full catalog record and all available digitized volumes at HathiTrust.
- James Graves, ed., A roll of the proceedings of the King's council in Ireland: for a portion of the sixteenth year of the regin of Richard the Second, A.D. 1392-93 (London: Longman, 1877). View the book at archive.org.
- George Thomas Clark, ed., Cartae et Alia Munimenta quae ad Dominium de Glamorgancia pertinent,
Selected Secondary Sources
- Edmund Curtis, Richard II in Ireland, 1394-5, and Submissions of the Irish Chiefs (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1927).
- Simon Egan, "Richard II and the Wider Gaelic World: A Reassessment," Journal of British Studies 57, no. 2 (2018): 221-252.
- Anthony Goodman and James L. Gillespie, eds., Richard II: The Art of Kingship (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).
- Dorothy Johnston, "Richard II and the Submissions of Gaelic Ireland," Irish Historical Studies 22, no. 85 (1980): 1-20.
- Dorothy Johnston, "Richard II's Departure from Ireland, July 1399," English Historical Review 98, no. 389 (1983): 785-805.
- Darren McGettigan, Richard II and the Irish Kings (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2016).